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Cold and flu (influenza), two of the most common diseases in human beings

High fever, body aches, sneezing, a blocked nose and coughs are all common accompanying symptoms of a cold or flu (influenza). In fact, a common cold is the most frequently experienced viral infection1, while the flu virus accounts for between 3 and 5 millions of cases annually2.  

Your immunity vs a cold or flu (influenza)

Once an infection is detected, your body will amp up its defense to overcome pathogens (infectious microorganisms). This in turn, causes a fever, which is your body’s way of “turning up the heat” against infections. As such, healthy immune function can help to speed up the recovery process and prevent any post-viral infection respiratory complications3.

Avoiding cold and flu (inlfuenza)

While avoiding the common cold or the flu virus is more difficult during the rainy season, there are a few simple rules you can follow to reduce your risk or how to avoid flu infection.

  • Healthy diet: It is no secret that the consumption of a healthy, balanced diet is essential for good health. A balanced diet should include a daily intake of fruits and green vegetables, whole grain bread, cereals, a moderate amount of dairy, and small amounts of meat and fish.

  • Vitamins and minerals: It is a given that eating a healthy, balanced diet should provide your body with an adequate intake of essential vitamins and minerals. But you can also opt to take a health supplement like Redoxon® to ensure that your body has a sufficient intake of the vitamins and minerals it needs to maintain a healthy and strong immune system.

Mother and daughter excercising and stretching together
  • Vaccination: Anyone who is above six months of age can opt to get a flu shot every year6. Be sure to speak to a doctor beforehand, especially if you are prone to allergies or any other health conditions.

  • Good hygiene: The key to avoiding illness is to reduce your exposure to germs, which is why good hygiene practices are especially important when you are trying to stay healthy3. You should always wash your hands thoroughly before touching or preparing food, before inserting a contact lens, or before doing other activities that require you to touch your eyes, face or mouth.

  • Keep personal items close: All it takes is one sick person to pass the flu virus to an entire family, or a group of coworkers3. That’s because the flu virus can survive for up to 24 hours on most surfaces, giving it plenty of time to infect multiple people. For this reason, avoid sharing personal items, like toothbrushes, towels, clothes, eating utensils or drinking glasses with other individuals, especially if you or your loved one is sick. "

  • Get your daily dose of exercise: Regular exercise is essential for keeping your immunity, as it can reduce stress and inflammation, promote positive movement of white blood cells in your blood and tissue, and help your body as a way on how to avoid flu infection.

  • Relax and sleep well: There is a correlation between prolonged mental stress and physical illness3. To put it simply, avoiding stress and getting an adequate amount of sleep daily is important for strengthening your immune system, and improving your general well-being.

What to do when you are suffering from cold and flu (influenza)?

Whether you are suffering from a common cold or flu (influenza), your doctor will always recommend the best treatment and medication. Alternatively, there are a few other steps you can take to relieve infection symptoms as your body is fighting the illness.  

  • Stay home and get plenty of rest. Let your body do the work in peace and avoid spreading the flu virus to coworkers or colleagues by staying at home
  • Stay hydrated. Opt to drink water, fruit juices, chicken soup or a sports drink to ensure that your body is adequately hydrated. Sufficient hydration is important for you to avoid congestion in your sinuses and lungs.
  • Increase humidity. Vaporisers and humidifiers can help to ease nasal congestion, especially if the air in your home is dry.



1. Eccles, Ronald; Weber, Olaf (2009). Common cold. Basel: Birkhäuser. p. 3. ISBN 978-3-7643-9894-1. Archived from the original on 8 May 2016.

2. Nguyen HH et al, What is the global incidence of influenza?,about%20250%2C000%20to%20500%2C000%20deaths.

3. How to prevent infections. Harvard Medical School, 2016. (Accessed 10/02/2020, at

4. Gombart AF, Pierre A, Maggini S. A Review of Micronutrients and the Immune System-Working in Harmony to Reduce the Risk of Infection. Nutrients 2020;12.


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